What is Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)

Oral PrEP of HIV is the daily use of ARV drugs by HIV-uninfected people to block the acquisition of HIV. PrEP is recommended as a prevention choice for people at substantial risk of HIV infection as part of combination prevention approaches.

Why is it important to test pregnant women for HIV ?

The transmission of HIV from an HIV-positive mother to her child during pregnancy, labour, delivery or breastfeeding is called vertical or mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). If a mother is HIV-positive during pregnancy, HIV treatment can improve her overall health and can protect an unborn baby from contracting HIV before, during delivery and after birth.

Prevention of MTCT (PMTCT) involves providing ARVs to mothers and infants during pregnancy, labour and the post-natal period, and offering life-long treatment to HIV-positive pregnant women regardless of their CD4 count.

How effective are latex condoms in preventing HIV?

Correct and consistent use of Male and female condoms is effective in preventing sexual transmission of HIV. Evidence shows that male latex condoms have an 85% or greater protective effect against HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).The surest way to avoid transmission of HIV is to abstain from sexual intercourse or having one sexual partner of known HIV status.

Are there any special precautions I need to take to protect myself if my loved one has HIV?

No. As long as you aren’t having unprotected sex with them, or sharing needles, you are not at risk for getting HIV from them through casual contact (hugging, kissing, sharing dishes, sharing bathrooms, etc.). Standard cleaning practices will work just fine, since HIV dies outside in open air very quickly anyway.

If you are having sex or sharing needles with your loved one who has HIV, then it would be good to get tested for HIV. Also, if you haven’t already, start using protection every time you have sex and new needles for your own injections

If I test HIV positive what should I do?

If you’re sexually active, you need to tell your sexual partner(s) about the HIV infection so that they can be tested.

  • Seek regular medical evaluation and follow-up
  • Counseling and psychological support
  • Develop an ongoing and open relationship with a health care provider
  • Access to good nutrition, safe water and basic hygiene
  • Never share injection equipment or personal hygiene items like razors or toothbrushes
  • Always practice safe sexual procedures and activities to avoid spreading the virus
  • Always using condom for vaginal, oral or anal sex.
  • Do not donate blood, semen (sperm) or body organs

Where can I get a HIV test?

You can get a HIV test in all government health facilities, mission hospitals, and nursing homes and stand alone HIV testing sites.

What is the benefit of an HIV test?

  • If you learn that you are HIV positive, you can take steps before symptoms appear to access treatment, care and support, thereby potentially prolonging your life and preventing health complications for many years.
  • If you know that you are infected, you can take precautions to prevent the spread of HIV to others.
  • If you know you are uninfected, you avoid risk sexual behavior that put you at risk of being infected

What is HIV Testing Services (HTS)

The term HIV Testing Services (HTS) is used to indicate the full range of services that a client is offered together with HIV testing. This includes counselling (pre and post testing); linkage to appropriate HIV prevention, care and treatment services and other clinical support services; and coordination with laboratory services to support quality assurance and delivery of correct results. All HIV testing services must include the 5 C’s: informed Consent, Confidentiality, Counselling, Correct test results and Connection (linkage to care, treatment and other services).

1 2 3